Ying Yang Xue

"If something is cold, heat it. If something is hot, cool it." –Huangdi Neijing

Archive for the tag “liver qi stagnation”

PEACH CONGEE FOR LIVER QI STAGNATION!!!

What do you get when you have student who works in the prepared foods section at Whole Foods… an awesome yummy snack! Well, that’s exactly what EH brought to us last Wednesday for our Nutrition and Diet Therapy class at the East West College of Natural Medicine. EH’s congee was an absolute treat after VS’s hearty and tasty main course of Saffron Lentil rice with Chicken (see next post). We ate like royalty today thanks to VS and EH!!!

Peach Congee for Liver Qi Stagnation

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Ingredients: 1 cup white rice (any variety will do)

1-2 peaches (or half bag of frozen chopped peaches)

1 Tablespoon honey (or as much as desired)

Directions: Put one cup of rice in crock pot. Cover with 5 cups of water. Cook on low setting overnight (6-12 hours). If using fresh peaches, boil a small pot of water, and once water is boiling, place peach into water for 30 seconds with a pair of tongs. Remove peach and peel off skin. Chop peaches into bite sized pieces, and keep in refrigerator overnight. In the morning, when ready to eat, put chopped peaches into the congee, and add honey. Add small amount of butter if desired.

This dish is ideal as a daily breakfast, dessert, or snack. The recipe can be doubled or tripled to make a large pot that can last for 3-4 days. I chose this simple and inexpensive recipe because it consists of ingredients that we are all familiar with, and it is as easy to prepare as pouring a bowl of cereal (but much more nourishing!). Those with liver qi stagnation are often already overworked and will not be compliant with following complicated dietary guidelines.

Rice is sweet in nature, and is very nourishing, especially when cooked into a congee. Peaches are sweet and sour, and are a gentle mover of qi. While the more pungent foods may move qi more forcefully, they run the risk of damaging yin when overused. Liver qi stagnation is often accompanied by heat signs, so peaches are a safer route when looking for a dish that can be eaten daily. (Also, most people don’t want pungent foods at breakfast!) Honey is neutral to slightly warming, and also moistens the intestines, which can be beneficial if constipation is manifesting as a side effect of qi stagnation. All of these ingredients also strengthen the spleen and are very easy to digest, which is important in cases of liver qi stagnation because digestion is usually impaired due to this condition.

Note: Blackstrap molasses can be used in place of honey in cases of accompanying blood deficiency, or if your tatsebuds prefer it!

TCM DOS:  Liver Qi Stagnation

Western Correlations:  Stress, emotional disorders, depression, PMS

TCM S/S:  hypochondriac pain, distention in chest and hypochondria, sighing, hiccups, belching, depression, irritability, easy to anger, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, abdominal distention, diarrhea, poor appetite, sour regurgitation, plum pit sensation in throat, painful periods, irregular periods

Tongue:   normal to slightly red on sides

Pulse:  wiry

Foods that Help:  beets, carrots, celery, potato, tomato, onion, lemon/lime, spinach, cherry, pineapple, mulberry, plum, raspberry, wheat, rye, spelt, pine nut, lima bean, pea, black sesame seed, pork, saltwater fish, crab, cow milk cheese, yogurt, goat and sheep milk cheese, anise seed, brown sugar, rice vinegar, wine, grape, lychee fruit

Foods to Avoid:  avoid excess alcohol, hot/spicy foods, raw foods, greasy foods, and cold/frozen foods

Helpful Cooking Methods:  steaming, boiling for shorter period, blanching, and cooking with alcohol


Smooooooooth Your Liver Qi!!!!!

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Welcome to Ri-Frin’s LR Qi Sir-Fry Bar!! Here you in charge. No angry, irritable, or frustration over long wait, small portions, or just not what you want.

LR Qi stagnation was chosen for me, and like everyone else’s DOS “choice”, mine was a perfect fit. (Thank you, Dr. Wald) Sources say that it is best to eat foods that are lightly cooked to ensure that nutrients are preserved and are more readily digested and absorbed. Meals should consist of lightly cooked vegetables (roughly 40-60% of your diet) About 30% of the diet should be comprised of complex carbohydrates. Proteins should comprise only about 10% of the diet and red meat should be avoided.

I have designed a meal where every single ingredient is a benefit to anyone who is challenged by LR Qi stagnation. Take as much or as little you like and I will personally prepare your dish before your very eyes! This is not a selfless act, however. Taking the time to prepare the ingredients before the meal and then later stirring the contents around in the wok (or electric skillet) so as to not let them burn and insure an even cooking temperature is a great way to get out of one ’s self for a spell and just concentrate on the task at hand…  A sort of meditation if you will.

Ingredients:

 

extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) garlic paste

boneless-skinless chicken cutlets ginger paste

center-cut pork tenderloins green onions

asparagus baby bok choy

carrots cabbage

leeks horseradish

noodles shitake mushrooms

snow peas soy sauce

water chestnuts white rice

 


TCM DOS:  Liver Qi Stagnation

Western Correlations:  Stress, emotional disorders, depression, PMS

TCM S/S:  hypochondriac pain, distention in chest and hypochondria, sighing, hiccups, belching, depression, irritability, easy to anger, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, abdominal distention, diarrhea, poor appetite, sour regurgitation, plum pit sensation in throat, painful periods, irregular periods

Tongue:   normal to slightly red on sides

Pulse:  wiry

Foods that Help:  beets, carrots, celery, potato, tomato, onion, lemon/lime, spinach, cherry, pineapple, mulberry, plum, raspberry, wheat, rye, spelt, pine nut, lima bean, pea, black sesame seed, pork, saltwater fish, crab, cow milk cheese, yogurt, goat and sheep milk cheese, anise seed, brown sugar, rice vinegar, wine, grape, lychee fruit

Foods to Avoid:  avoid excess alcohol, hot/spicy foods, raw foods, greasy foods, and cold/frozen foods

Helpful Cooking Methods:  steaming, boiling for shorter period, blanching, and cooking with alcohol


 

Delicious Liver “Soup”port

MD is going through a soup phase right now (hey, who hasn’t been there,  am I right?  Hello?) and we are ALL the beneficiaries of that!   I would like to think that the mere act of preparing (slicing and dicing) the vegetables for these delicious soups would be therapeutic in its own right, alleviating some on the irritability and stress that is Liver Qi Stagnation’s hallmark.  Alas, even better is having this soup made for you.  Better still is having two soups made for you–thanks, MD!   (I got word later in the week that other students were already making the Szechuan carrot soup to rave reviews!)

Liver Qi Stagnation

Western correlations for liver qi stagnation include but are not limited to depression, anxiety, high blood pressure (in the case of liver yang rising), liver disorders (hepatitis), PMS, and headaches.

TCM clinical manifestations for liver qi stagnation –   irritability, anger, depression, rib side pain and/or discomfort, headaches (vertex), PMS and other gynecological disorders, frequent sighing, gastritis, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic cholecystitis, chest pain, and inability to handle stress.

Tongue – normal (pink)

Pulse – Wiry

Foods that help liver qi stagnation – Onions, Garlic, Celery, Mustard Greens, Turmeric, Basil, Bay Leaf, Cardamom, Cumin, Fennel Marjoram, Dill, Black Pepper, Horse Radish, Cherry, Rosemary, Pickled Vegetables, Cabbage, Beets, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Carrots, Plums, potato, tomato, lemon, lime, spinach, kale, raspberry, wheat, rye, spelt, pine cut, lima bean, pea, black sesame seed, pork, saltwater fish, crab, cow milk cheese, yogurt, goat and sheep milk cheese, anise seed, brown sugar, rice vinegar, wine, grape, lychee fruit

Foods to avoid – Alcohol, Caffeinated Coffee, Fatty or Fried Foods, Highly Processed or Refined Foods, Very Spicy or Hot Foods, Heavy Red Meats, Sweet and Sugary Foods, raw foods, frozen foods, greasy foods

Helpful cooking methods – steaming, boiling for shorter period, blanching, and cooking with alcohol,  stews, soup, baking

 

“Beet” the Stagnation Soup

3 tablespoons olive oil

1 medium onion, chopped

3 cloves garlic, chopped

6 medium beets, peeled and chopped

2 cups beef stock

salt and freshly ground pepper

heavy cream (we used Silk soy creamer)

Warm olive oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Stir in onions and garlic; cook until soft but not browned, about 5 minutes. Stir in beets, and cook for 1 minute.

Stir in stock, and season with salt and pepper. Bring to a boil; cover, and simmer until the beets are tender, about 20 to 30 minutes. Remove from heat, and allow to cool slightly.

In batches, add soup to a food processor, and pulse until liquefied. Return soup to saucepan, and gently heat through. Ladle into bowls, and garnish with a swirl of cream.

 

Szechuan Carrot Soup

1 tbsp olive oil

1 onion, chopped,

1 stalk celery, chopped

2 garlic cloves, minced

2 tsp grated ginger

2 cups veggie stock

1 cup water

1/3 cup Szechuan peanut sauce

1 cup plain soy milk

In a large saucepan, heat oil over medium heat.  Add onion, celery, and garlic and sauté for 4 minutes.  Stir in ginger and cook for 2 minutes longer.  Add carrots, stock, and water and bring to a boil.  Reduce heat, cover, and simmer for 20 minutes.  Remove from heat and let cool slightly.  Puree soup in the saucepan using an immersion blender, or transfer in batches to a blender or food processor and blend until smooth, then return soup to the saucepan.  Add peanut sauce and milk and simmer until heated.  Do not boil.

JK got clever and mixed the soups together! Tie dye that’s good for what ails ya.

Cupcakes to Course the Liver Qi

Liver qi stagnation is most easily recognized as stress, irritability, and frustration.  One surefire way to combat those feelings is the “eat a bunch of cupcakes” method, but all that sugar can just compound the issue.  BUT…what if…just WHAT if…someone devised a cupcake that also eased Liver Qi Stagnation?  JK became our superhero of the day and did just that.  These cupcakes (AND frosting) are full of ingredients that help to move liver qi along, soothing the frustration that often comes with a lack of baked goods.  And the kicker…they even had creamy insides.  Now, this isn’t your everyday Liver Qi Stagnation recipe (“man cannot live on sugary cupcakes alone”) but you can definitely use it as your “Break Glass in Case of Liver Qi Emergency” standby!

TCM DOS:  Liver qi stagnation

Western diagnosis: Amenorrhea,dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, headache, depression,  IBS, Gastritis, Hypochondriac pain, Indigestion

Signs and Symptoms:  Premenstrual syndrome, Breast Tenderness, Sighing, irritability, depression, frustrations, and mood swings that have abrupt outbursts. In addition there may be stomach aches,  diminished appetite,  bloating in the epigastric region, gas, diarrhea, IBS, nausea, retching, Plum Pit Qi, and  feeling of congestion and or swelling in chest , Hypochondriac Pain and or Distention,

Tongue: Light red with a thin white coat

Pulse:  Wiry

Foods that help LV qi stagnation:  carrots, black sesame seeds, beets, pine nuts, lemon peel, yogurt, wheat, cherry, plums, fennel, plums, vinegar, pickled vegetables, radish, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brown seaweed, onions, celery, mustard greens, rosemary, turmeric, basil, bay leaf, cardamom, cumin, marjoram, dill,  and horseradish.

*Black pepper, garlic and ginger stimulate flow of qi but should only be used in small amounts: otherwise, they can cause harm to the liver.

Foods to Avoid:  Alcohol, coffee,  red meats,  fried foods,  foods high in fat, very spicy, hot foods,  sweet foods and sugar. In addition, avoid food coloring, preservatives, highly processed and refined foods.

Helpful cooking method: Pickling, steamed, boiling or lightly cooked.

REFERENCES

  1. https://yingyangxue.wordpress.com/category/kidney-yin-deficiency/
  2. Chinese Nutrition Therapy Dietetics in TCM  JoergKastner, M.D., L.Ac.
  3. HS 521 Nutrition and Diet Therapy Class Handout

Cupcakes to Course the Liver Qi

              Cupcake mix

Supreme Moist Carrot Cake mix

4/5 cups water

3 brown organic eggs

1/3 cup organic coconut oil

1/3 cup vegetable oil

Carrots: Improve LV function                        1 ½ cups

Black sesame seeds:  Supplements LV         ½ cup

Beets: LV qi stagnation                                     1/5  cup pureed

Greek yogurt: Relax LV                                3 tbs

Wheat flower                                                 ¾ cup

Pine Nut                                                         ¼ cup

  1. Mix ingredients
  2. Heat:  350 degreese
  3. Beat: low speed 30 seconds then medium speed for 1 minute
  4. Pour into cupcake baking cups
  5. Bake-  7- 9 minutes

Frosting & Filling

Cream cheese frosting                                                1 can

Lemon Peel: moves stagnant LV qi                       1 ½ tbs

Greek Yogurt:  relax LV                                            1 cup

Wheat flour                                                                    ¾ cups

  1. Zest the lemon peel;  stir  can of cream cheese frosting, lemon zest, greek yogurt, and wheat flower together
  2. Gently make a small opening in center of cupcake
  3.  fill w/ 3 tsp of frosting mixture
  4. Frost the top of the cupcake
  5. Sprinkle black sesame seeds on top

I *told* you they had a creamy center!

Celery smiles & Snowballs in Florida

KH came at Liver Qi Stagnation from two angles: nourishing the liver and calming the shen, and using the sour taste to move liver qi.   He absolutely hit it out of the park on both counts!   KH attained the ever-elusive perfect amount of sweetness in the cherry date balls (I wasn’t sure with the first one, so I had to have 16 more).  His pickled carrots, however, were an unexpected hit.  They came with a warning that they would, in fact, move our qi in a big way; I think it’s fair to say that they lived up to that promise in the most delicious, healthy way.  They woke up our tastebuds and got that liver qi zingin’.

OH!  I almost forgot the best part! Be sure to pay attention to KH’s instruction for the pickled carrots–he instructs us to cut the celery into 1/2 “smiles.”  You know your dish is going to be good when “smile” is used as a unit of measurement.

TCM DOS:  Liver Qi Stagnation

TCM SS:  Chest Distention, Hypochondriac Pain and or Distention, Sighing, Nausea, Vomiting, Poor Appetite, Diarrhea, Depression, Irritability Moodiness, Plum Pit Qi, PMS, Breast Tenderness, Painful and or Irregular Menstruation.  Tongue:  Light Red with Thin White Coat.  Pulse:  Wiry

Western Correlations:  Amenorrhea, Chest Pain, Chronic Cholecystitis, Depression, Dysmenorrhea, Gastritis, Headache, Hypochondriac Pain, Indigestion, Irregular menstruation, Irritable Bowle Syndrome.

Foods that Help: Onions, Garlic, Celery, Mustard Greens, Turmeric, Basil, Bay Leaf, Cardamom, Cumin, Fennel Marjoram, Dill, Black Pepper, Horse Raddish, Cerry, Rosemary, Pickeled Vegetables, Cabbage, Beets, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Carrots, Plums,

Foods to Avoid: Alcohol, Caffinated Coffee, Fatty or Fried Foods, Highly Processed or Refined Foods, Very Spicy or Hot Foods, Heavy Red Meats, Sweet and Sugary Foods.

Lifestyle:  If you feel the symptoms of Liver Qi Stagnation: Disengage for a while from the internet, video games and email, including your phone.    Light exercise such as walking can help to move your qi and Tai Chi or Yoga can provide both exercise and relaxation.  Don’t forget to receive regular acupuncture treatments to be your best.

Helpful Cooking Methods: lightly cooked, steamed or boiled

Easy Peasy Cherry Date Balls

This recipe is a variation of “No Bake Cherry Date Balls” from www.dishbytrish.com

This recipe is dairy-free, gluten-free and vegan.  They will keep in the refrigator for 5-7 days or you can freeze them.  This recipe should make about 15 one inch balls.

Ingredients:

1/3 cup each of Pine nuts, sunflower seeds and Pumpkin seeds

Pinch of fine sea salt

2/3 cup Medjool dates, pitted

1/3 cup dried cherries, unsweetened

¼ teaspoon vanilla extract

2 tablespoons water

¼ cup flaked coconut, unsweetened

Directions:

Line a baking sheet with parchment paper.  Place seeds and salt in a blender or food processor and blend until fine.  Add dates and cherries and pulse until incorporated.  Add vanilla and water and pulse for a few seconds or until the mixture is sticky.  Shape mixture into 1-inch smooth balls.  Mix seeds and coconut together.  Dip date balls into coconut flakes. Place on baking sheet and freeze for 1 hour.  Serve cool.

The dates calm the spirt and have a sedative effect.  The cherries nourish the liver.  Pine nuts are good for the Liver and treats vertigo and dizziness.

Sunflower seeds subdues the liver and pumkin seeds are green which is the 5E color of the liver.

Zanahorias en escabeche: Pickled Carrots, Mexican Style

From www.foodfromeast.com

Ingredients:

1-2 quarts apple cider vinegar

8 large carrots, well scrubbed and sliced into ½ inch pieces

4 celery stalks cut into ½ inch smiles

6 large bay leaves

4 allspice berries

1 Tablespoon cumin seeds ( I had to substituted ¾ Tablespoon ground cumin)

2 tsp sea salt

Directions:

Place carrots in large steel pot, add the seasonings and cover with vinegar, bring all ingredients to a boil, then turn off heat.  Pour into a large glass jar and let cool to room temperture.  Add celery smiles and refrigerate over night.  Other vegetables such as jicama or cucumbers may be added.

The Vinegar strongly moves liver qi as it is warm, pungent and slightly bitter.  The carrots are sweet, neutral and improve liver function. Celery calms the liver as well as reduces hypertension.  The bay leaves, allspice and cumin are acrid and move qi and promote digestion.

Comfort food to calm the Liver

This week was all about soothing the liver to overcome liver qi stagnation–timely, since we had our midterm exam during the first half of this class!  TB went the “comfort food” route for her dish; after all, when you’re stressed and at your wit’s end, what else do you want to reach for but comfort food?  She expertly created a stick-to-your-ribs hearty soup that still had the properties of calming the liver and moving qi.   This tomato soup went over resoundingly well.  I honestly expected a riot over who got seconds; had our livers not been so soothed by the soup, it may have actually come to pass!

TCM DOS:  Liver Qi Stagnation

Western Correlations:  Stress, emotional disorders, depression, PMS

TCM S/S:  hypochondriac pain, distention in chest and hypochondria, sighing, hiccups, belching, depression, irritability, easy to anger, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, abdominal distention, diarrhea, poor appetite, sour regurgitation, plum pit sensation in throat, painful periods, irregular periods

Tongue:   normal to slightly red on sides

Pulse:  wiry

Foods that Help:  beets, carrots, celery, potato, tomato, onion, lemon/lime, spinach, cherry, pineapple, mulberry, plum, raspberry, wheat, rye, spelt, pine nut, lima bean, pea, black sesame seed, pork, saltwater fish, crab, cow milk cheese, yogurt, goat and sheep milk cheese, anise seed, brown sugar, rice vinegar, wine, grape, lychee fruit

Foods to Avoid:  avoid excess alcohol, hot/spicy foods, raw foods, greasy foods, and cold/frozen foods

Helpful Cooking Methods:  steaming, boiling for shorter period, blanching, and cooking with alcohol


Tomato Parmesan Soup

3 cups diced tomatoes with juice (you can use canned)

1 bunch kale

1 cup finely diced carrots

1 Tbsp fresh oregano or 1 tsp dried

4 cups chicken broth

1 cup parmesan cheese, freshly grated

1/4 tsp black pepper

2 Tbsp olive oil

1 cup finely diced onions

4 Tbsp fresh basil or 1 Tbsp dried

1/2 bay leaf

2 cups half and half, warmed (if you want you can use whole milk, evaporated milk instead…or even skim if you want to skinny it up; I ended using 1/2 cup of half and half in this recipe)

1 tsp salt

*1/2 cup butter

*1/2 cup flour

1.  Heat oil in 4 quart soup pot.  Add onions and carrots.  Saute 5 minutes.  Add basil, oregano, bay leaf, tomatoes, and chicken broth.  Bring it to a boil, reduce heat and simmer until carrots are tender (25 minutes).

2.  Place soup in blender or use hand-held to liquefy and thicken soup.  *(Or you can prepare a roux to thicken it.  While soup simmers, prepare a roux.  Melt butter over low heat, add flour and cook, stirring constantly, 5-7 minutes.  Slowly stir in 1 cup hot soup.  Add another 3 cups and stir until smooth.  Add back into soup pot.)

3.  Simmer, stirring constantly..  Add Parmesan cheese and whisk to blend.  Stir warmed half and half, salt and pepper.  Simmer over low heat 20 minutes, stirring occasionally.

For Liver Qi Stagnation:

-tomatoes:  clears heat in liver and purifies blood

-onion:  soothes liver Qi stagnation

-carrot:  improves liver function

-kale:  superfood

-parmesan:  supplements and moves Qi

Soup to Soothe the Liver

This week we focused on Liver Qi Stagnation, which proved to be very apt since it’s midterm week!  K. made us a special soup that’s not all that it appears: a creamy asparagus soup that’s not overwhelmingly “asparagus-y,” nor did it contain cream!  This vegan delight relies on its spices to pack a yummy punch, not to mention its sunny hue!

TCM DOS: Liver Qi Stagnation 

 

DOS: Feeling of distension of hypochondrium and chest, hypochondriac pain, sighing, hiccups, melancholy, depression, moodiness, fluctuation of mental state, alternating chills and fever, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, poor appetite, sour regurgitation, belching, feeling of pulsation in epigastrium, churning feeling in the stomach, abdominal distension, borborygmus, diarrhea, unhappiness, lump in throat, feeling of difficulty with swallowing, irregular periods, painful periods, distension of breasts before periods, pre-menstrual tension and irritability. Tongue: body color may be normal or slightly red on the sides, thin white coating Pulse: string taut, wiry (especially on the left side)

Western Correlations: Stress, anxiety, depression, acid reflux, IBS, PMS

Foods you should eat: watercress mustard greens tumeric onion basil bay leaf cardamon marjoram cumin fennel dill ginger black pepper horseradish rosemary any mints lemon balm angelica root prickly ashbark taro root sweet rice beets amasake strawberry cabbage peach turnip root kohlrabi cherry cauliflower broccoli chestnut brussel sprouts pine nuts sprouted grains beans fresh veggies fruits

Most powerful to break up Qi stagnation: lemon lime grapefruit rye romaine lettuce asparagus amaranth quinoa alfalfa radish leaves citrus peel dandelion root bupleurum chaparral milk thistle seeds chamomile licorice root oregon grape root vinegar

Foods to eat less or eliminate/cooking methods: high saturated fats, hydrogenated and poor quality foods, nuts and seeds (exceptions are above, or if they are made easily digestible), chemicals in food and water, prescription drugs, highly processed or refined foods, alcohol, coffee, excessively sour foods or drinks, greasy fatty oily foods, foods that are hard to digest, spicy pungent “hot” foods, over eating in general, heavy red meats

Cream of Asparagus Soup

 

1 tablespoon of olive oil

leeks

1 cup sliced cremini mushrooms (baby bella substituted)

1 bunch of asparagus

4 cups low sodium vegetable broth

2 tablespoons of fresh tarragon

1 teaspoon cumin

turmeric

salt and pepper

1 cup unsalted cashews

2/3 cup of water

½ lemon juiced

In a large pot, heat 1 tablespoon of oil over medium heat. Add 2 sliced leeks, 1 cup of sliced cremini mushrooms, and 1 bunch of chopped asparagus; cook 4 minutes. Add 4 cups low sodium vegetable broth, 2 tablespoons fresh tarragon, 1 teaspoon cumin, salt and pepper to taste; simmer 20 minutes and puree. In a food processor, mix together 1 cup of unsalted cashews and 2/3 cup of water until smooth. Stir mixture and juice of 1/2 lemon into soup; heat 2 minutes.

Such a vivid color (thanks, turmeric!)

great partner for N's kumquat cake!

Foods to Soothe Liver Qi Stagnation

S.D. took on the task of preparing a dish that would combat Liver Qi Stagnation (click the link to learn more about the signs and symptoms of this particular imbalance).    Quite the cornbread culinary master, S.D. wanted to make something in a similar style, so he chose an orange buckwheat bread.  True to his brave nature, he tackled this despite buckwheat’s reputation as being a fickle ingredient.  Some of us took his creaetion and experimented even further, popping it in the oven and adding honey, which gave it a whole ‘nother healing dimension!
 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Orange Buckwheat bread
 

looks like a brownie, but it courses liver qi!

 
 
 
Buckwheat– Sweet flavor, cool nature.  Enters spleen, stomach, and large intestine channel.  Action is to send down counterflow qi, reinforce spleen, remove damp. 
 
Orange– Sweet and sour in flavor, cool in nature.  Action is to relieve stagnation, send down counterflow qi, harmonize stomach.
 
Sesame– Sweet in flavor, neutral in nature. Enters liver, kidney, large intestine channels.  Action is to reinforce liver and kidney, replenish essence. 
 
Other ingredients-  Olive oil, filtered water, yeast.
 
Preparation–  In a large bowl, combine 3 cups of buckwheat flour with adequate water to mix into dough.  Add two tablespoons of olive oil. Mix well.   Add one packet of yeast to dough. mix well.
 
Peel two oranges, cut out cores.  Dice flesh and pulp of oranges, and put these pieces with the juice into bowl with dough.  Mix well. 
 
Pour ingredients into an oiled pan, bake at 350 F for 15-20 minutes.
 
Baking increases the yang nature of foods, and may decrease the cooling quality of foods. 

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